Resources for West Virginia EMS Research

911 Fees
  • A 911 fee is a surcharge or fee that is added to a consumer’s phone bill to support the operation and maintenance of 911 emergency services. It’s important to understand counties can only use these fees for 911-related expenses – not for broad emergency services uses.
  • 911 and E911 Services [Federal Communications Commission]
Ambulance Fees
  • An ambulance fee (“special emergency ambulance service fee”), not to be confused with a bill for using an ambulance, is essentially a tax imposed by counties that can only be used to help provide emergency medical services (EMS). They are generally flat, and most residential property owners pay roughly the same amount. Counties have generally billed the fee on a per-household basis. Some counties have also opted to require businesses to pay as well. Ambulance fees can be imposed via county commission ordinance (in contrast to excess levies which require direct voter approval).
  • §7-15-17. Imposition and collection of special emergency ambulance service fee by county commission [West Virginia Legislature]

Emergency Medical Services Salary Enhancement Fund (WV)

  • A fund created by the state government to enhance the salaries for county emergency medical service personnel. It currently does not have a permanent funding source.
  • Senate Bill 737 [West Virginia Legislature]

EMS WV: Answer the Call Initiative

Excess Levies (WV)

  • An excess levy is a property tax collected above the regular tax rate, generally providing financial support to local programs such as schools, EMS, fire departments, and public transit. Within a city or county, excess levies must typically be approved by a majority of voters, for a maximum term of five years.
  • Excess Levy Guideline [WV State Auditor]

National and Systemic – EMS Reports and Resources

State, Regional, and Local EMS

West Virginia EMS – News

West Virginia EMS – Reports, Resources, and Documents

West Virginia EMS – Reports, Resources, and Documents